Bio-mechanical tattoo art originated in the late 1980s. The technique gives the three-dimensional illusion of skin that is ripped open to reveal both robotic and human parts. Early inspiration for bio-mechanical tattoo designs was derived from the art of Swiss Surrealist H.R. Giger, creator of the terrifying life forms and their otherworldly environment seen in the science fiction film classic Alien. In 1980, Giger received an Academy Award for Best Achievement for Visual Effects for his work on the film.